Posted 20 November 2018. PMN Crop News.
Growing Wax Gourd Seeds
Source: East-West Seed Press Release. www.eastwestseed.com
Nonthaburi, Thailand (November 2, 2018)--Like any other seed growing process, growing wax gourd seeds is no simple process. There are certain precautions to be taken, fertilizers to be used, and sowing tactics to be implemented. At East-West Seed we know everything there is to know about growing wax gourd seeds.
We’ve developed an in-depth guide of everything you need to know about growing wax growing gourd seeds. From seedling production all the way through to the warning signs of disease here is your in-depth guide to growing wax gourd seeds:
It only makes sense that we start at the very beginning, at seedling production. It’s crucial to put intense time and care into the seedling production process. Otherwise, your wax gourd seeds will be doomed before they even begin growing.
The first step to growing successful wax gourd seeds is proper substrate preparation. Your substrate should be:
• 1 to 2 parts soil
• 1 part decomposed manure
• 1 part sand or burnt rice husk
After you compose your substrate you’ll need to heat it. Either place it in the Sun for half a day or heat it for ten minutes.
You’ll need to sow the seeds properly in order to secure the protection of your seeds. Insert your seeds into the substrate. Seeds should be at least 2 seeds deep in depth. Place your trays in an area with good sun and good ventilation.
You’ll want to maintain constant moisture for 8-10 days during the morning hours to produce healthy wax gourd seeds. There’s no need to water your seeds in the evening. Watering seeds in the evening may even harm your seeds. 2-3 days before transplanting, you’ll want to reduce water and expose the seeds to more sun. It’s best to transplant these seeds late in the afternoon.
If you’re using a direct sowing method, simply plant seeds 2cm deep and water for 7 days. Plant 2 seeds per space and thin to one plant when 10cm tall.
Before transplanting you’ll need to prepare your land to optimize your wax gourd yield. Prepare your land with narrow paths. These narrow paths are great for irrigation and drainage. You’ll want to install trellises before transplanting. Here are specifics of what your land preparation should look like:
Fertilizer and yield tips
Fertilizer is necessary to ensure maximum yield. When applying fertilizer, you’ll want to apply fertilizer near root tips around 2.5cm deep. You’ll need to alternate fertilizer applications according to the progression of the plant’s age and health.
• At 14 DAT: apply 10g Urea & 10g 15-15-15
• At 28 DAT: apply 10g Urea & 10g 15-15-15
• At 42 DAT: apply 5g 0-0-60 & 15g 15-15-15
• At 56 DAT: apply 5g 0-0-60 & 15g 15-15-15
• At 70 DAT: apply 5g 0-0-60 & 15g 15-15-15
• At 84 DAT: apply 15g 15-15-15
• At 98 DAT: apply 15g 15-15-15
• At 112 DAT: apply 10g 15-15-15
To produce maximum yield make sure to keep an eye out for infections. Infection can spread easily and fast. Reduce this by removing old crops and weeds. Crop rotation is also vital for maximum yield. Crop rotation will prevent insect pests and diseases while restoring soil fertility.
There are a few cautionary factors to keep in mind when using pesticides or any harmful chemicals:
• Wear protective gear
• Only spray pesticides in good weather
• Always use a good secure nozzle
• Wash your hands after spraying
Remember to keep an eye out for insects that may be harmful to your wax gourd seeds. Watch out for:
The common diseases that pose a threat to wax gourd seeds are:
• Gummy stem blight
• Powdery mildew
• Downy mildew
If you follow these tips, you’re sure to have a great wax gourd seed yield this season. Be wary of disease and insects and follow all our seed production tips for maximum yield. For more information on growing wax gourd seeds check out our crop guide.