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A Survey of Virginia Vineyards Revealed High Incidences of Grapevine Rupestris Stem Pitting-Associated Virus, Grapevine Red Blotch Virus, and Two Mealybug Species

T. Jones and M. Nita

September 2019

Survey

We investigated the prevalence of viruses infecting grapevines in Virginia, identity of disease vectors, and potential factors affecting virus incidence. Tested viruses were grapevine leafroll-associated virus (GLRaV-1 and -4), grapevine fleck virus (GFkV), grapevine virus A (GVA), grapevine virus B (GVB), grapevine rupestris stem pitting-associated virus (GRSPaV), tomato ringspot virus (ToRSV), grapevine vein clearing virus (GVCV), grapevine red blotch virus (GRBV), and grapevine Pinot gris virus (GPGV). We documented wide distributions of GRSPaV (54%) and GRBV (24%) and common occurrences of grape (Pseudococcus maritimus) and Gill’s (Ferrisia gilli) mealybugs among vineyards. This is the first report of GLRaV-1, GLRaV-4, GVA, GVB, GRSPaV, and obscure mealybug (Pseudococcus viburni) in Virginia. We also documented significant association (P ≤ 0.05) of the presence of mealybugs and GVA and GVB. With younger vines, significantly lower incidences were found for viruses that were listed (i.e., tested for a certification) by the Foundation Planting Service’s and the National Clean Plant Network’s grape programs. On the other hand, there was a lack of the age effect on incidence of GRSPaV and GRBV, which were not listed until recently. These results suggest the importance of clean plant material and vector management for grapevine virus disease management in Virginia.

doi:10.1094/PHP-04-19-0026-S

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