‘Cotton Physiology’ the Cornerstone
of Future Cotton Science
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Cotton production worldwide will be influenced by changes in climate as well as indirect effects such as regulation of water resources. To combat these changes as well as dealing with increasing costs will mean that sustainable production will need to adopt practices in combination that will: increase and/or maintain high yields and quality; improve a range of production efficiencies (water, nitrogen, energy, emissions etc.); seek to improve a better return for products; or consider other cropping options as alternatives. The presentation will cover present impacts of these changes on production systems and highlight some options for adaptation with an emphasis on the role of plant and crop physiology to support these. Crop management and plant breeding options include high yielding/high quality stress tolerant varieties; optimizing water and nutrition; manipulating crop maturity; varying planting time; optimizing soil and health for crop nutrition; and maintaining diligent monitoring practices for weeds, pests and diseases to enable responsive management.